The West Virginia Emergency Management Division works with two different types of grants: Preparedness Grants and Recovery Grants.
The Preparedness Grants Section is responsible
for administering multiple grants which the agency receives from various
federal agencies including FEMA, the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, and the National Telecommunications and Information
Administration. These grants are used by state and local jurisdictions to
maintain an effective emergency management program and to build and sustain the
necessary capabilities to allow the state to prevent, respond to, and recover
from various threats and hazards.
Grant programs administered by WVEMD include the Homeland Security Grant Program (HSGP), the Emergency Management Performance Grant (EMPG), the Nonprofit Security Grant Program (NSGP), and the State and Local Cybersecurity Grant Program (SLCGP).
Preparedness Grants also provide ongoing
education and assistance through the National Flood Insurance Program to lower community flood insurance rates
and educate local and government officials on programs.
To facilitate effective and efficient local
recovery, the Recovery Grants Section utilizes the Individual Assistance (IA) Grant Program, Public Assistance (PA) Grant Program, and the
Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP). Recovery Grants personnel currently
manage open disaster declarations from 2015-2021 with the assistance of
FEMA Region III. The open disasters total nearly 3,000 projects and almost $700
million in disaster funding collectively.
Long-term recovery is especially important during
the early weeks after a major disaster or catastrophic incident when many
local, state, and insular-area governments are overwhelmed with the response
and short-term recovery efforts. WVEMD participates in and supports recovery
planning, capacity building and mitigation efforts by providing training,
technical guidance or other assistance as requested and needed.
The Public Assistance (PA) grant program provides
federal assistance to government organizations and certain private nonprofit
(PNP) organizations following a Presidential disaster declaration. PA provides
grants to state and local governments, and certain types of PNP organizations
so that communities can quickly respond to and recover from major disasters or
Through the program, FEMA provides supplemental
federal disaster grant assistance for debris removal, life-saving emergency
protective measures, and the repair, replacement, or restoration of
disaster-damaged publicly owned facilities, and the facilities of certain PNP
organizations. The PA program also encourages protection of these damaged
facilities from future events by aiding for hazard mitigation measures during
the recovery process.
The federal share of assistance is not less than
75 percent of the eligible cost. The Recipient (usually the state) determines
how the non-federal share (up to 25 percent) is split with the subrecipients